10个身体部位的英文 你肯定不会说

10个身体部位的英文 你肯定不会说

(来源:沪江英语)hallux

大脚趾

It stems from Latin and began to be commonly used in the mid-19th century. On the opposite side (of the foot), the little toe is called the minimus。

起源于拉丁语,19世纪中叶开始普遍运用。与之相对应的是,小趾头被称为minimus。

purlicue

“虎口”距(食指与拇指间的空隙)

Although a rare word, purlicue is a term for the space between the forefinger and thumb, originally used in the North of England. It’s thought to derive from the Scots term pirlie, meaning ‘curly’ or ‘twisted’, and is also used as a synonym for curlicue: a term in calligraphy to describe curls in a person’s writing。

尽管是个冷僻词,purlicue这一术语用来表示食指与拇指间的空间,起源于英格兰北部,来源于苏格兰术语pirlie,意为"卷曲的"或"弯曲的";现在用作"花体"的近义词,书法术语,用以形容书写中笔迹的卷曲。

fraenum

系带

A fraenum is a small ligament that restricts movement between body parts. The most obvious example is the fraenum which attaches the tongue to the bottom of the mouth, or the lip to the gum. It comes from the Latin fraenum which meant ‘bridle’ – that same idea of restrained movement. . It is also spelled frenum, and the more common term is frenulum。

系带是一小小的韧带,限制身体部位的运动。最为显著的例子即连接舌头和口底、唇和牙龈的舌系带。系带一词来源于拉丁语fraenum,意为"缰绳",和限制行动同义,亦拼作"frenum",更为常用的术语是frenulum。

uvula

小舌

The uvula is the fleshy extension that hangs at the back of the mouth above the opening of the throat. This is a body part that we share with some other primates; for instance, baboons have small, underdeveloped uvulae. The uvula helps to close the nasopharynx during swallowing, so that no food can enter the nasal passage. It also causes the initiation of the gag reflex if stimulated, and is also used to articulate a range of sounds in speech, such as the guttural R used in French。

小舌是嘴巴后部、紧贴喉咙口上方悬垂的部分。这一身体部位其他灵长目动物也有,比如狒狒有小型但发育并不完全的小舌。小舌有助吞咽时闭合鼻咽,避免食物进入鼻道。若受到刺激,小舌会引发咽反射;小舌还能用以清晰地发出一系列音,如法语里喉音r。

philtrum

人中

This term refers to the vertical groove between the bottom of the nose and the upper lip. Interestingly, it comes from the Latin word philtrum which initially meant ‘love-potion’ or ‘love-charm’ and only started being used in English for the body part in the 17th century。

这一术语指的是鼻子底部和上唇间竖直的凹陷部分。有趣的是,这个词来源于拉丁语philtrum ,最初意为“爱情迷药”或“爱情魔咒”,直到17世纪才开始用于英语表示身体部位。

gowpen

碗状(两手靠拢形成)

This is the hollow that is formed when the two hands are placed together to create a bowl shape. It originates from the Old Norse gaupn。

这个词指的是双手靠拢形成的碗状时双手凹陷的部分,来源于古挪威语gaupn。

精彩评论 0

还可以输入100个字,评论长度3个中文字符以上
30958000:2017-12-15 06:53:45